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animal_language [2015/12/07 16:50]
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animal_language [2015/12/08 09:11]
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 == Conclusion == == Conclusion ==
--According to researchers,​ the development of language by the human species was made possible by the evolution of our brains. The functional expansion of the human cerebellum is a consequence of specific cerebellar structural changes that evolved during hominid evolution and that could have been a prerequisite for the evolution of human language (Leiner, Leiner & Dow, 1993). In short, as we physically evolved as a species, our minds we also cognitively evolving to give us the tools to communicate. Given what we now know of the evolution of life on the planet, is it really so far-fetched of an idea that other species have also evolved similar methods of communication amongst themselves?+According to researchers,​ the development of language by the human species was made possible by the evolution of our brains. The functional expansion of the human cerebellum is a consequence of specific cerebellar structural changes that evolved during hominid evolution and that could have been a prerequisite for the evolution of human language (Leiner, Leiner & Dow, 1993). In short, as we physically evolved as a species, our minds we also cognitively evolving to give us the tools to communicate. Given what we now know of the evolution of life on the planet, is it really so far-fetched of an idea that other species have also evolved similar methods of communication amongst themselves?
  
--Animals communicate in ways that are most efficient to their evolution. This makes human communication not nearly as special as people tend to make it out to be.+Animals communicate in ways that are most efficient to their evolution. This makes human communication not nearly as special as people tend to make it out to be.
  
 References: References:
  
-Dizikes, P. (2013, April 23). Human language melds birdsong and other animal communication,​ says MIT linguist Shigeru Miyagawa. | MIT Technology Review. Retrieved October 26, 2015.+ Dizikes, P. (2013, April 23). Human language melds birdsong and other animal communication,​ says MIT linguist Shigeru Miyagawa. | MIT Technology Review. Retrieved October 26, 2015.
  
  
-Doupe, A., & Solis, M. (1997). Song‐ and order‐selective neurons develop in the songbird anterior forebrain during vocal learning. Journal of Neurobiology J. Neurobiol., 17(3), 694-709. doi:​94143-0444 ​+ Doupe, A., & Solis, M. (1997). Song‐ and order‐selective neurons develop in the songbird anterior forebrain during vocal learning. Journal of Neurobiology J. Neurobiol., 17(3), 694-709. doi:​94143-0444 ​
  
-Frisch, Karl von. 1967. The Dance Language and Orientation of Bees. Cambridge, Mass.: The         ​Belknap Press of Harvard University Press. ​+ Frisch, Karl von. 1967. The Dance Language and Orientation of Bees. Cambridge, Mass.: The         ​Belknap Press of Harvard University Press. ​
  
-Leiner, A. L., Leiner, H. C., & Dow, R. S. (1993). Cognitive and language functions of the human cerebellum. Trends in Neurosciences,​ 16(11), 444-447. doi:​10.1016/​0166-2236(93)90072-T http://​longnow.org/​seminars/​02012/​apr/​20/​social-conquest-earth/​ + Leiner, A. L., Leiner, H. C., & Dow, R. S. (1993). Cognitive and language functions of the human cerebellum. Trends in Neurosciences,​ 16(11), 444-447. doi:​10.1016/​0166-2236(93)90072-T http://​longnow.org/​seminars/​02012/​apr/​20/​social-conquest-earth/​
  
-Saini, A. (2015, May 12). Language and birdsong may use the same brain structures. Retrieved November 11, 2015, from http://​www.bbc.com/​earth/​story/​20150512-birds-hold-the-key-to-language+ Saini, A. (2015, May 12). Language and birdsong may use the same brain structures. Retrieved November 11, 2015, from http://​www.bbc.com/​earth/​story/​20150512-birds-hold-the-key-to-language
  
-Srour, M. (2013, July 20). Non-Human Languages: The Bee Dance Language | Teaching Biology. Retrieved October 26, 2015.+ Srour, M. (2013, July 20). Non-Human Languages: The Bee Dance Language | Teaching Biology. Retrieved October 26, 2015.
  
-von Thienen, W., Metzler, D., Choe, D., & Witte, V. (2014). Pheromone communication in ants: A detailed analysis of concentration-dependent decisions in three species. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology,​ 68(10), 1611-1627. doi:​http://​dx.doi.org/​10.1007/​s00265-014-1770-3+ von Thienen, W., Metzler, D., Choe, D., & Witte, V. (2014). Pheromone communication in ants: A detailed analysis of concentration-dependent decisions in three species. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology,​ 68(10), 1611-1627. doi:​http://​dx.doi.org/​10.1007/​s00265-014-1770-3
  
-"What Makes Human Language Special?"​ News Northeastern. Northeastern University, 04 Apr. 2013. Web. 21 Oct. 2015.+ "What Makes Human Language Special?"​ News Northeastern. Northeastern University, 04 Apr. 2013. Web. 21 Oct. 2015.
  
-"​Communication - Dolphin Research Center."​ <​i>​Dolphin Research Center</​i>​. Dolphin Research Center, 2014. Web. 21 Oct. 2015. + "​Communication - Dolphin Research Center."​ <​i>​Dolphin Research Center</​i>​. Dolphin Research Center, 2014. Web. 21 Oct. 2015.