In 1998, a single paper that was published regarding MMR vaccines as a cause of autism sparked a massive controversary. This publication seemed to give the parents of children diagnosed with autism the answers that they were desperately searching for regarding the cause of their child's autism. Following the publication was a rally of anti-vaccination outcrys from celebrity and advocacy groups. Although the media latched onto this anti-vaccination movement, the publication was totally false and was even retracted in 2010 following research that found no correlation between MMR vaccination and the diagnosis of autism. This fraudulantly motivated anti-vaccination phenomenon that resulted from massive media attention caused a significant decrease of children recieving MMR vaccinations. This decrease caused diseases such as Measles that were once controlled, to emerge in the United States and the United Kingdom. Several scientifc studies were performed that provided concrete evidence that MMR vaccinations were in no way responsible for causing autism. As stated within an article written by Dewitt and Dietert (2011), “Regarding the Wakefield controversy, an editorial by two scientists who study vac- cine safety (Poland and Spier, 2010) emphasized that the movement from evidence-based medicine to media and celebrity based medicine lead to barriers to discovering causes and effective treatments for autism.”