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different_types_of_synesthesia [2010/05/17 16:11]
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different_types_of_synesthesia [2010/05/17 16:18] (current)
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-====Emotion to Color==== +==== Ordinal-Linguistic Personification ​==== 
-Individuals experience colors after thinking about emotional words.+This type of synesthesia is when personalities are evoked synesthetically from the ordered sequences (Simner & Holenstein, 2007). For many synesthetes with OLP, numbers have distinct and fixed personalities. Researcher Mary Calkins presented case study reports in 1893 from individuals who experienced Ordinal-Linguistic Personification. Calkins describes the case of a person whom felt that “T’s are generally crabbed, ungenerous creatures. “U” is a soulless sort of thing. 4 is honest, but ... 3 I cannot trust… 9 is dark, a gentleman, tall and graceful, but politic under his suavity” (Calkins,​1893)
  
  
-====Music to Color==== +==== Lexical → Gustatory ​==== 
-It is believed that many famous musicians areor were, synesthetes. ​Their colored visions would help them to depict certain notes not only audiblybut visually at the same timeThis can be used to large advantage for composing musicas well as remembering notes.+This is one of the rarest forms of synesthesiain which individual words and spoken language phonemes produce sensations of taste in the mouth (Than2006). Many synesthetes ​with lexical → gustatory can taste a word even before they speak itOrwhen recognizing unfamiliar objects, they can often taste the word before they say it (Than, 2006)One lexical → gustatory synesthete, James Wannerton, reported that his nephew is toffee flavored, his granny tastes of condensed milk, and his next door neighbors are a “mixture of yogurt, jelly beans, and a subtle hint of waxy substance” (Elliott2003).
  
 ===== Related Article ===== ===== Related Article =====
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 [[http://​www.synesthesia.com.au/​id1.html]] [[http://​www.synesthesia.com.au/​id1.html]]
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 +Calkins, M. W. (1893).A statistical study of pseudo-chromesthesia and of mental-forms. American Journal of Psychology. 5:, 439-464.
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 +Elliott, J. (2003). I can taste my words. BBC News, online.
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 +Sagiva, N., Simnerb, J., Collins, J., Butterworth,​ B., & Ward, J. (2005). What is the relationship between synaesthesia. Elsevier. 2006, 114–128.
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 +Simner , J., & Holenstein, E. (2007). Ordinal linguistic personification as a variant of synesthesia. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience. 19, 694-703.
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 +Than, K. (2006, November 22). New insight into people who taste words. Live Science, Retrieved March 29, 2009, from http://​www.livescience.com/​health/​061122_word_tastes.html
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 +Ward, J. (2007). Synesthesia research. Retrieved March 28, 2009, from University of Sussex Web site: http://​www.syn.sussex.ac.uk/​
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 +Ward, J., Huckstep, B., & Tsakanikos, E. (2006). Sound-colour synaesthesia:​ to what extent does it use cross-modal mechanisms common to us all?. Cortex. 42, 264-280.
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