Language and Therapy

We are interested in how psychology of linguistics applies to the following topics through techniques such as talk therapy:

How is language used in therapy?

Talk therapy is used as a therapeutic form of communication therapy which involves interaction between a trained professional and a client, patient or group which can be couples or families as well. Talk therapy is used to treat various psychological issues that all vary with causes, influences and resolutions. This type of therapy uses a variety of techniques in order for the patient to achieve increased awareness and change his/her behavior and thoughts. Most of the time, its purpose is to explore the thoughts and feelings of the patient in order for them to achieve a higher level of thinking and problem solving. Talk therapy is shown to have a great effect on clients and helps with the overall well-being of the patient. For our group research, we have each chosen a field of therapy and will go on to analyze how communication is used to solved various issues within these fields.

Common core principles of talk therapy are:

  • Respect
  • Empathy
  • Tact
  • Consent
  • Confidentiality
  • Accountability
  • Expertise
  • Evidence based
  • Certification, ongoing training and supervision

Positive Outcomes of talk therapy

  • Achieve higher self-esteem.
  • Develop a more positive self-image as you learn more about yourself and human nature.
  • Gain a healthy self-respect and dignity as you learn about behavior triggers.
  • Change self-defeating patterns by understanding their root causes.
  • Relieve anxiety, depression, and social problems.
  • Overcome fear of intimacy and enhance the quality of your relationships.

Here is a video from YouTube that shows a new technique using Talk Therapy by bringing it out of the office and into a more social and relaxing environment

Addiction Counseling

Jacqueline Robertson

  • Language as a way to cope with problems.
  • When researching this topic I will focus on how psychologists use linguistics to work through addiction problems. I will also focus on how language is used as a form of therapy.
  • How language is useful during addictions counseling.
  • When people are struggling with addiction support is much needed. This support can be done through language. When counseling someone who is battling an addiction words of encouragement can help this person to continue on their journey to recovery.
  • Not only does the person need words of encouragement but they also need to be able to talk about how they feel during their counseling. Language is a way of expressing oneself not only being able to understand what one is saying but to be able to express emotion through speaking.
  • The use of “change talk.”
  • Change talk is the use of language to change a certain behavior. In addictions counseling it is important to target the unwanted behavior through speech. * Change talk can also be known as motivational speech.
  • It is important for one to use this form of therapy to continue to motivate themselves to change the undesired behavior.
  • This is also a way of allowing the person with the addiction to want to change their behavior.
  • A therapists influence on client language.
  • Therapists can use language to counsel in many ways. One of these ways is through motivational interviewing. Motivational interviewing consists of the client accepting their addiction and wanting to change. This is very similar to “change talk.”
  • Therapists also have to keep the experience positive through language, reminding the client that remaining positive will result in better outcomes.
  • Sources
  • Moyers, TB (2006). “Therapist influence on client language during motivational interviewing sessions”. Journal of substance abuse treatment (0740-5472), 30 (3), p. 245.
  • Amrhein, Paul C.; Miller, William R.; Yahne, Carolina E.; Palmer, Michael; Fulcher, Laura Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, Vol 71(5), Oct 2003, 862-878
  • Glynn, Lisa H. (07/2010). “Chasing change talk: The clinician's role in evoking client language about change”. Journal of substance abuse treatment (0740-5472), 39 (1), p. 65.

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Health Psychology

Janesca S. Martin

  • My group's initial question is “How is therapeutic communication practiced among psychologists?”
  • Throughout my research I will be focusing on the social support of a Health Psychologists.
  • I will be presenting a study about the acquisition of language Health Psychologists use on their patients.
  • Mainly how psychotherapy plays a role among mental health patients.
  • My research is going to develop in the direction of..
  • The emotional state of the mental patient
  • How behavior therapy plays a role..key points being neurotic behavior, and assertive behavior
  • How psychotherapy plays a role
  • How group therapy plays a role
  • And how to ultimately the patient can develop reciprocal inhibition and become a healthy mental patient.

**Research About Health Psychology***

Health Psychologists use careful, very articulate language when it comes to diagnosing mental health patients, grief-of-loss patients, and emotionally unstable personalities/patients. One of the goals that Health Psychologists use when trying to get their patients back to stable mental health is the technique called reciprocal inhibition.

Reciprocal inhibition is a process of relearning, whereby in the presence of a stimulus, a non-anxiety producing response is continually repeated until it extinguishes, the old, undesirable response.

 In other words...Reciprocal inhibition is when an individual is in a stressful situation, they would practice a calming response to extinguish the old, unwanted response.
 There are methods that can be used to achieve this outcome
  - Systematic Desensitation
  - Avoidance Conditioning 
  - Assertion (intrapersonal)

The interpersonal methods are behavior therapy, group/family therapy, and psychotherapy. These are the main points I wanted to focus on because there features are due to more interactive linguistic attitudes that are expressed to reach reciprocal inhibition.

Psychotherapy

    Therapeutic interaction or treatment contracted between a trained professional and a client, patient, couple, family, or group.

“aka” talk-therapy Psychotherapy is most effective when cognitive behavioral therapy is also exercised.

Benefits of Psychotherapy

  • Reduce Stress
  • Gives individuals a different/new perspetive
  • Easier to follow through on treatment process
  • Learn ways to talk to other people
  • Catch yourself when you retract

Different types of psychotherapy

  • Cognitive therapy, Behavioral therapy
  • Interpersonal therapy
  • Psychodynamic therapy
  • Individual counseling

Cognitive therapy

  How thoughts and behaviors contribute to they way people think, act, and respond
  Learn and apply problem-solving techniques
   

Interpersonal therapy

  Focus on the relationship with other people and how they affect the mood of the individual
  Recognizes power and changes
  Influences on the mind 

Individual Counseling

  One on one counseling

Family Counseling

  Involves all of the family members

Group Counseling

   Support 

Sources

Domrose, C. (2011, February 21). Good grief: Nurses cope with patient deaths. Retrieved from http://news.nurse.com/article/20110221/NATIONAL01/102210041/-1/frontpage

…..

Dealing with grief. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.interventionsupport.com/dealing-with-grief/

…..

A life care guide to helping others cope with stress. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.foh.dhhs.gov/NYCU/CopingTips.pdf ….

Patient grief and the safety of doctors and nurses. (2010, May 17). Retrieved from http://www.kevinmd.com/blog/2010/05/patient-grief-safety-doctors-nurses.html

…..

Coping with grief and loss. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://helpguide.org/mental/grief_loss.htm

I'm not sure how these relate to language (they could, but I can't tell from the description)Evan Bradley 2013/10/19 12:28

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Relationship Counseling

Bridget Friel

—Throughout my research I will be working on finding ways of using Cognitive linguistic therapy with families and couples in an effort to recognize and to better manage or reconcile troublesome differences and repeating patterns of distress. I hope to find ways that people are able to work linguistically on their problem solving and judgment skills through talk therapy. I will be working on finding ways that I will be able to use talk therapy to evaluate the couple/families personal and relationship story as it is narrated, interrupts wisely, facilitates both de-escalation of unhelpful conflict and the development of realistic, practical solutions in the future.

5 Principles of Effective Relationship Counseling involving Talk Therapy that I will be using throughout my research

  1. Change the views of the relationship Throughout the therapeutic process, I will attempts to help both partners see the relationship in a more objective manner. They learn to stop the “blame game” and instead look at what happens to them as a process involving each partner. They also can benefit from seeing that their relationship takes place in a certain context. For example, couples that struggle financially will be under different kinds of situational stresses than those who are not. Therapists begin this process by collecting “data” on the interaction between the partners by watching how they interact. Therapists then formulate “hypotheses” about what causal factors may be in play to lead to the way the couples interact. How they share this information with the couple varies by the therapist's particular theoretical orientation. There's empirical support for a variety of approaches from behavioral to insight-oriented. Different therapists will use different strategies, but as long as they focus on altering the way the relationship is understood, the couple can start to see each other, and their interactions, in more adaptive ways.
  2. Modify dysfunctional behavior Effective couples therapists attempt to change the way that the partners actually behave with each other. This means that in addition to helping them improve their interactions, therapists also need to ensure that their clients are not engaging in actions that can cause physical, psychological, or economic harm. In order to do this, therapists must conduct a careful assessment to determine whether their clients are, in fact, at risk. If necessary, the therapist may recommend, for example, that one partner be referred to a domestic violence shelter, to specialized drug abuse treatment, or to anger management. It is also possible that if the risk is not sufficiently severe, the couple can benefit from “time-out” procedures to stop the escalation of conflict.
  3. Decrease emotional avoidance Couples who avoid expressing their private feelings put themselves at greater risk of becoming emotionally distant and hence grow apart. Effective couples therapist’s help their clients bring out the emotions and thoughts that they fear expressing to the other person. Attachment-based couples therapy allows the partners to feel less afraid of expressing their needs for closeness. According to this view, some partners who failed to develop “secure” emotional attachments in childhood have unmet needs that they carry over into their adult relationships. They fear showing their partners how much they need them because they are afraid that their partners will reject them. Behaviorally based therapists, assume that adults may fear expressing their true feelings because, in the past, they did not receive “reinforcement.” Either way, both theoretical approaches advocate helping their clients express their true feelings in a way that will eventually draw them closer together.
  4. Improve communication Being able to communicate is one of the “three C's” of intimacy. All effective couples therapies focus on helping the partners to communicate more effectively. Building on principles #2 and #3, this communication should not be abusive, nor should partners ridicule each other when they do express their true feelings. Couples may, therefore, require “coaching” to learn how to speak to each other in more supportive and understanding ways. The therapist may also provide the couple with didactic instruction to give them the basis for knowing what types of communication are effective and what types will only cause more conflict. They can learn how to listen more actively and empathically, for example. However, exactly how to accomplish this step requires that therapists turn back to the assessments they performed early on in treatment. Couples with a long history of mutual criticism may require a different approach than those who try to avoid conflict at all costs.
  5. Promote strengths Effective couples therapists point out the strengths in the relationship and build resilience particularly as therapy nears a close. Because so much of couple’s therapy involves focusing on problem areas, it's easy to lose sight of the other areas in which couples function effectively. The point of promoting strength is to help the couple derive more enjoyment out of their relationship. The behaviorally oriented therapist may “prescribe” that one partner do something that pleases the other. Therapists from other orientations that focus more on emotions instead might help the couple develop a more positive “story” or narrative about their relationship. In either case, the therapist should avoid trying to put his or her own spin on what constitutes strength and let this be defined by the couple.

Who might benefit from Relationship Counseling that involves Talk Therapy?

  • Relationships are not just those that involve love. Relationships are those bonds we have with all people in our lives with whom we interact with frequently. You need a strong relationship with your spouse, your family, your in-laws, your employers or employees, your doctor and others. Unresolved problems can be detrimental to relationships; they can lead to job loss, break-ups and poor communication with professionals in your life. Respect, trust and understanding are key elements to all significant relationships to bring about harmony and peace in your life.

Resource:

Corporate Therapy

Toniann Chero

How do corporate therapists use language to help businesses succeed?

Introduction to Corporate Therapy

The field of corporate therapy focuses on increasing workplace productivity as well as the mental well being of employees. Industrial organizational psychologists perform a wide variety of tasks which includes studying worker behavior and attitudes, evaluating companies, and conducting leadership training. I am going to discuss through my research how corporate therapists help leaders improve their interpersonal communication skills. Talk therapy, therefore, is widely used among corporate therapists including various techniques.

What communication strategies do corporate therapists use? Here is a list of the following:

  • Communication among therapist and leaders The first form of therapy includes communication among therapist and each individual leaders. The therapist will help the leader understand his or her own goals of the company and how to reach these goals. During this session, the leader will be able to express any issues they are having in the workforce and the therapist will help the leader to better understanding of who they are (Dranitsaris, 2009). Corporate therapists will communicate with these leaders about the frustrations with people and help the leader to understand what happens with them when they are frustrated and disappointed with their employees. Therapists will help the leader learn how to engage in deep listening so they are able to listen and empathize with their employees (Stoner & Hartman, 1997).
  • Communication Training Communication training is used to help leaders communicate messages clearly and help leaders learn how engage their employees. This requires teaching the leaders to be aware of emotional messages being sent so the leaders will be able to tell if employees are confused and do not understand (Dranitsaris, 2009). Understanding what is being felt by the speaker and listener requires knowledge. This communication is important for bosses to learn because they need to be able to tell if they are not communicating intended messages clearly. This will lead to more organization and a smoother work environment. For leaders to talk with employees, it takes time and requires sensitivity. Since leaders are usually so deep into the company trying to promote change, the last thing they want to do is spend time explaining to employees how to promote this change (Stoner & Hartman, 1997). Leaders need to take the time to communicate with employees when it comes to issues to discuss how they are going to solve it and why. Therapists will help leaders learn how to keep ongoing communication with their employees because most of the time, the employees are confused as to what is going on (Stoner & Hartman, 1997).
  • Communication among other leaders Communication among leaders is very important. A corporate therapist will bring the leaders together and help them clear up problems that are happening among the leadership team. During the sessions, the leaders will be told to identify the dysfunctions that need to be worked out. This includes sharing stories among leaders that demonstrate the barriers, dysfunctions and dynamics. This kind of communication strategy will help them learn that ego plays a major part in holding the business back from moving onto the next step of growth. This form of talk therapy is very beneficial for employees to work out their issues by communicating clearly. Corporate therapists will then help the leaders to identify the actions and behaviors that are causing harm to the business as well as what is interfering with the ability to act as a team. By identifying issues that are in the workplace, employees and leaders can work together through communication to solve these problems together.

Conclusion Organizational therapy uses communication as an approach to help the leader and company. Communication is a multiple phase process of talking with employees and deep listening (Stoner & Hartman, 1997). When communication is established among leaders and employees, there is clarification in the workplace. As a result of this therapy, a corporation could benefit with better interpersonal skills for clear communication, conflicts are resolved, groups are able to work better and leadership is effective and encourages success.

Works Cited

Dranitsaris, A. (2009). Anne Dranitsaris. October 30 2013, from http://www.annedranitsaris.com/corporate_therapy.html.

Munhall, P. Business and Counseling. Miami Therapy. October 30, 2013, from http://www.miamitherapy.com/Business.htm.

Stoner, C.R., & Hartman, R.I. (1997). Organization therapy: Building survivor health and competitiveness. S.A.M. Advanced Management Journal.62.3.25-31.

You have added some great information here defining what corporate therapy is, and what its goals are, and I think this is an important component of your topic. I think because your only two sources so far are descriptions from the websites of corporate therapists, it reads more like an advertisement, and less like research. I think the main ways for you to overcome this are to put things into your own words (you are very closely mirroring the sources) and to add more scholarly sources (journal articles, books, etc.)Evan Bradley 2013/11/03 13:13

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Sex Therapy

Hannah Marshall

When couples are experiencing any issues in their relationship, including sexual, a lot of it can be solved with better communication. Adding sex therapy and communication therapy into the mix can have positive results as well as increase relationship satisfaction. In my research, I will be focusing on how combining sex therapy and communication therapy can be more beneficial to individuals or couples experiencing sexual dysfunction than just one form of therapy alone.

Research has shown that better communication may arise from a healthy sexual relationship between partners. This research indicates that a positive and satisfying sexual relationship could possibly give couples a stronger connection which might lead to more successful communication, thus giving way for a more satisfying overall relationship. Therefore, for couples who are experiencing sexual issues or a decrease in their sexual relationship, undergoing sex therapy and communication therapy could help to mend the two very important aspects of a relationship.

You're probably wondering: What is Sex Therapy?

Sex therapy involves much more than it may seem. A sex therapist does a lot more than tell people how to have sex. They might help counsel abuse victims, rape victims, couples, individuals with intimacy issues, individuals experiencing sexual dysfunction, or even people who have rare disease that make it very hard to have sexual intercourse. A sex therapist's job depends on what they specialize in and what issues their clients are experiencing. Therefore, it is important for a sex therapist to be able to know the appropriate linguistic approach to take with their clients.

Benefits of combining Sex Therapy with Communication Therapy:

Combining sex therapy with communication therapy can be very successful and beneficial for improving sexual dysfunction and communication in a relationship. In Everaed and Dekker's (1981) research on couples experiencing sexual dysfunction, some of the benefits of combining sex therapy and communication therapy were:

  1. An increase in female sexual satisfaction
  2. An increase in overall relationship satisfaction

In the Everaed and Dekker (1981) study, their results indicated that females benefited more from combining the communication therapy with the sex therapy, with the males' sexual satisfaction increasing with the sex therapy but decreasing with the communication therapy. However, the males' overall relationship satisfaction increased with the addition of the communication therapy.

Does Sex Therapy really help improve communication?

Similar to Everaed and Dekker's (1981) work, Tullman et al. (1981), researchers at the world-renowned Masters and Johnson institute, sought to find out if sex therapy really had an affect on communication. In order to do so, they recruited couples who were experiencing some form of sexual dysfunction to participate in a sex therapy treatment program at the institute. They tested the participants prior to their arrival, during the treatment, and after. Their results showed that :

  1. Both males and females showed a significant increase in their ability to assertive themselves and in their ability to discuss their feelings
  2. Males were less likely to hold in their feelings
  3. Both males and females had more tolerance of the things that they did not like about their partner

Tullman et al. (1981) modeled their program from Masters and Johnson's theory that enhancing relational communication through sexual therapy will lead to a more satisfying relationship. Following their theory on interpersonal communication, Masters and Johnson implemented communication therapy into their sex therapy programs. Tullman et al.'s (1981) results supported Masters and Johnson's original ideas about the relationship between sex and communication.

Chesney et al. (1981) also studied how sex therapy could improve communication and the sexual relationships of married couples. Like Tullman et al.'s (1981) study, the couples were experiencing sexual dysfunction as well as decreased communication. The couples participated in a sexual dysfunction workshop that provided both group therapy as well as individual therapy. Their results showed that:

  1. Overall martial communication improved
  2. The couple's sexual communication became more open
  3. The couple's sexual relationship became more satisfying

But what does this all mean?

In my research, I have found a lot of support for the idea that communication and a healthy sexual life have a positive correlation. In romantic relationships, a positive sexual relationship can sometimes help to build a respectful connection between two people. This connection can serve as one of the building blocks for the foundation of the relationship. Healthy communication is also one of the building blocks, and is just as important as a mutually satisfying sexual relationship. In my research, it seems that one of the keys to successful communication is to have a flourishing sex life with your partner. As I suspected when I began my research, when one of the building blocks is compromised, it affects the other building blocks as well. When the sex life between two partners is halted or becomes an issue, sex therapy combined with communication therapy can help to mend the bond that may have been lost. Once a mutual connection is felt again in both aspects, sex and communication, then the relationship may begin to improve.

There is a lot of research in this area - find some specific theories to analyze or compare.Evan Bradley 2013/10/19 12:28

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School Psychology

Erica L. Carlson

  • Communicating with any child in a setting outside the comfort of their own home can be very difficult and frustrating. Most (if not all) children are not completely aware of the concept of therapy and communicating with a complete stranger in order to help the individual with whatever issues they may have. Placing a child in an unfamiliar setting and asking them to spill their problems and emotions to you (the almost complete stranger), may get you and the progress of the child nowhere. Upon further research of this specified topic of therapy, I have found some very interesting techniques and programs to help be able to communicate with children on not just a personal and linguistic level, but on a level they are comfortable with and can truly express themselves in ways they can be helped.

* One of the techniques I liked the most was something called Neuro-Linguistic Programming. NLP is an approach to personal communication, development and psychotherapy created by two Psychologists in the 1970's. This form of linguistic therapy helps connect behavioral patterns learned through experience to help achieve and create specific goals in an individuals life. You can read more about it in detail in the //www.nlpco.com] (from the NLP website) as well as a YouTube video explaining more! [youtube.com/watch

* Another piece of information I found useful not just to school psychologists, but to parents as well, is making sure the/your child is comfortable and relaxed in their surroundings so full expression is capable. A few of these tips are as follows:

1. Remaining calm and reassuring - All children (especially young) will take and follow after your cues. You (the school psychologist) needs to remain calm, yet alert.

2. Acknowledge their feelings - Allow the children to completely expresses themselves and their feelings, and feed off of this information to involve questions regarding the info they're giving you. Listen and empathize.

3. Encourage to maintain a normal routine - Weather this be in the designated therapy room or suggested to parents for home, encouraging some type of normalcy because of the routine can help immensely. This can include full nights sleep, full meals at designated times, exercise or outdoor activity, keeping up with schoolwork and even being involved in extracurricular activities.

4. Be optimistic - Regardless of the situation, try and stay light. Children want to see happiness and optimism, and like stated in the first point, children follow your lead and cues. Optimism is key.

5. Remind children to accept themselves and others just as they are - Many cases of students being found in the school psychologist's office can be due to bullying or being poked fun of because of they way the child may look, act, dress, or because of home life. Encouraging this may help decrease this issue, and personal stores may help.

6. Express ways to have the child help others in need - Weather this may be by simply linguistic communication or volunteering for different organizations, communication in positive ways to help others can directly show the child positive influence can go a long way.

Resources for this information came from: //www.nasponline.org/resources/crisis_safety/helpingchildrencope.aspx]

What should YOU do if you find yourself or your child in this type of situation? - Support and communication is the number one key to help and therapy. The old saying “communication is key” really applies here. Be open and aware for the child's sake. Make sure they know you're willing to not only listen, but respond as well. Asking open ended questions is key, and refraining from using words like “no”, “don't” and other forms of negative words is very helpful. Children want to know they are safe, and whatever is discussed in that room or office will remain safe. It is incredibly important that children know and are aware of the fact they are free to make their own choices. If the child feels suffocated or pressured to answer certain questions, or express past events verbally in which they are not ready to do yet, the therapy session could take a turn for the worst. If you have a question or request for the child, make it abundantly clear and give accurate and understandable reasons for your request. Lastly, keep any form of verbal competition to a minimum, the child cannot be intimidated by the one he/she is seeking help from!

Resources for this information came from: //www.education.com/reference/article/guiding-young-children-verbal-communication/]

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Instructor Feedback

Draft #2

I like the changes you've made to the organization of the page. A few more pointers (along with what your peers have said):

  • I would keep at least some introductory text before the links. Also, the wiki provides a table of contents at the top that automatically does what your Quick Links do (this is a good idea, though. You might want to make some other links like this throughout that connect the various sections, or link back to the top
  • Could you define what the core principles of talk therapy mean?
  • You set up some nice principles at the beginning about the language of therapy—it would be really effective to make reference to these in the other sections.
  • Each section is in a different state - some have a lot of content, others are still in outline form. The whole page doesn't really flow.
  • In many places, you are still phrasing things like “in my research, I hope to xyz…” At this stage, what you have is your research - just tell us the information!

Evan Bradley 2013/12/06 13:22

Draft #1 Feedback

I'm glad to see that more content is being added. Here is what I would suggest for where to go from here:

  1. My number one comment from below still hasn't been addressed. You need to say more than can be contained in one heading what the central themes of this page are.
  2. Every subtopic could use more (or any) resources. At this point, you should be going beyond just listing the resources, and should be discussing specific pieces of information from each source.
  3. This is the stage where you move from outline to content: instead of saying what you are going to do/talk about, start talking about that thing by adding information from your sources!
  4. One of the next things you'll need to consider is the overall organization. As you add information, this page will get longer, and you might want to consider how you will deal with that—moving each subtopic to a new page? different pages for different concepts with examples from each kind of practice? it is up to you.

Evan Bradley 2013/11/03 12:31


Outline Feedback

Hi, group! You have put together some interesting topics. Here is what I would suggest:

  1. Describe how these topics are related to one another - there must be some common themes/questions, right?
  2. Clarify the purpose statement of each subtopic - what question you are trying to answer, and what the theories involved are
  3. Add some sources!

I've also added some comments throughout. You can delete these once they're addressed.

Evan Bradley 2013/11/03 12:56


Peer Feedback #1

Britney Hall Speaking group updated 11/11:

organization: You clearly have a set topic for each member and all are very interesting and are easy to see and know whats being talked about. I like your work cited being right after each persons information so people can easily find what sources.

clarity: Everything is spoken in a very easily understandable way but still need to see where what source apply where.

content: Though you can see the individual differences all members have presented a good base on what there topic is going to be on and where there info will progress. Though maybe some members could add more factual knowledge instead of conceptual.

Giorgio Villone Speaking Group Feedback

Organization: As far as organization goes, I liked how each person has their own section of detailed information. Each name has a specific topic including a large portion of relevant information along with the sources to back it up. The way this information is presented makes it very interesting to the reader and by providing the links for the sources, gives the reader the opportunity to conduct their own research.

Clarity: Each person provided a significant amount of information that was very detailed and focused on what specific topics were going to be covered. I also thought that the way the subjects were explained were very informative, but explained in a way that was easier to understand.

Content: Each member of the group contributed to the wiki with valid, clear, and concise information that was directly related to the sources that were attached.

Shehryar Siddiqui Feedback

Organization: Your group definitely seems the most organized of the four group pages in this class. I'm surprised with how well your personal sections are organized too.

Content: The content on each of your personal sections actually interests me enough to want to learn about your research topics a little more!

Clarity: Clarity is where it should be, at a college level. All writing styles are mature and clear-cut, and very little confusion exists.


Peer Feedback #2

Content: the content is great, very useful information. I think you guys are doing a great job with your page and I think its going to ne very interesting when it is done!

Organization: I like the way everything is organized, but maybe you should link your topics to the intro of you page (like a page within the page if that makes sense?) so the page isn't so long.

Clarity: over all very clear and understandable great job guys!

Ashley Manko

Content: When it comes to content, I would say everything looks pretty good. There are plenty of valuable information. Above all keep up the good work and everything should come out great.

Organization: The organization here is very well put together. All the information seems like its in good order and it makes sense. Very easy to follow along.

Clarity: It seems like everyone involved in the group has contributed equal yet vital pieces on information. Everything was planned accordingly and it looks on point. Nice job.

Alex Rivera - Sign Language

Content: Information is on topic and interesting. I enjoyed the corporate therapy section and I am looking forward to reading about addictions and sex therapy.

Clarity: Overall your information is laid out in a clear manner. Headings are appropriate and good use of pictures to bring your page to life. One thing I found to be distracting was the blue boxes in the health psychology section. Maybe a single bullet would flow better??

Steven Clark

Sean Mulkeen - Sign Language

Content: Most of the possible information seems to be covered and displayed in an interesting manner. I liked the information about walk therapy as i can relate to that the most. Like Alex pointed out, I am also excited to see the presentation on sex therapy.

Clarity: All in all everything was easy to understand, and i did not have to go back and re-read much.

Organization: The one thing i found very helpful for easy understanding was the use of bullet points. They seem to be used in all the right places where i was hoping they would pop up. Other than that everything was laid out in a fashionable manner.


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