The Creativity of Lying:

While significant research has not yet explored the comparison and relationship between improvisation and conversational lying, a comparison of research within these individual topics can help provide initial insight and conclusions.

Lying as a creative act is most successful with divergent thinkers (1). Divergent thinking is “used to generate creative ideas by exploring many possible solutions” in a open state of mind, or an “emergent cognitive fashion” (2). This concept of emergent thinking is often referred to in improvisational work, and is considered a crucial element of good improvisation (CITE SOURCES FROM READING).

Sources:

1. “Creative liars tended to be higher in divergent thinking and more ideational” (Walczyk, 2008)

2. Wikipedia - Divergent thinking http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Divergent_thinking

The Creativity of Lying: “Creative liars tended to be higher in divergent thinking and more ideational”

“…in order for them to fabricate (a term itself connotative of creativity) effectively, liars may need to occasionally generate creative deceptions that take account of the unique parameters of a social situation required to achieve an authentic goal”

“…because lying may partially depend on the tendency to generate novel responses in authentic settings, the tendency to be ideational was expected to be positively associated with the tendency to generate a variety of creative responses to social dilemmas, especially involving deception.”

With H3. The creativity of lies generated (their effective novelty) will correlate positively with both divergent thinking ability and with the tendency to be ideational.

“Ideational total and the divergent thinking factors of originality, elaboration, and titles were significantly positively correlated with the creativity of lies generated, largely confirming H3.”

“Those more likely to have random thoughts throughout the day may, as noted above, have had more opportunity to anticipate and play out various social scenarios in their heads, perhaps a form of social rehearsal. When confronted with a variety of social dilemmas, this advanced practice allowed them to more readily produce varied resolutions…”

SOURCE: Walczyk, J. J., Runco, M. A., Tripp, S. M., & Smith, C. E. (2008). The Creativity of Lying: Divergent Thinking and Ideational Correlates of the Resolution of Social Dilemmas. Creativity Research Journal, 20(3), 328-342. doi:10.1080/10400410802355152

Cognitive mechanisms underlying lying to questions: response time as a cue to deception:

“In contrast to truth telling, lying is a constructive linguistic process influenced by verbal efficiency…the less constrained the responses required, the more manifold will be the cues of deception.”

“Open-ended questions elicit many more and should, therefore provide richer cues.”

SOURCE: Jeffrey J., W., Karen S., R., Eric, S., & Angela M., H. (2003). Cognitive mechanisms underlying lying to questions: response time as a cue to deception. Applied Cognitive Psychology, 17(7), 755.