Bloodstein, Oliver, and Ratner, Nan Bernstein. A Handbook on Stuttering. 6th ed. Clifton Park: Thomson Delmar Learning, 2008. Print.

Conture, Edward G. Stuttering: Its Nature, Diagnosis, and Treatment. Boston: Allyn & Bacon, 2001. Print.

Craig, A., Blumgarta, B., & Trana, Y. (2009). “The Impact of Stuttering on the Quality of Life in Adults Who Stutter”. Journal of Fluency Disorders, 34 (2), 61-71.

Curlee, Richard F. (1993). Stuttering and Related Disorders of Fluency. New York : Thieme Medical Publishers.

Hulit, Lloyd M. Stuttering, in Perspective: Practical Advice for Those Who Must Deal with Stuttering: For Adult Stutterers and Parents of Stutterers. Springfield: Thomas. 1985. Print.

Owens, R. E., Metz, D. E., & Farinella, K. E. (2011). Introduction to Communication Disorders: A Lifespan Evidence-Based Perspective. New York: Allyn & Bacon.

Perkins, W. H. (Eds.). (1984). Stuttering Disorders. New York: Thieme-Stratton.

Prins, D. & Ingham, R. J. (Eds.). (1983). Treatment of Stuttering in Early Childhood: Methods and Issues. San Diego: College-Hill Press.

Silverman, Franklin H.. (1996). Stuttering and Other Fluency Disorders. Needhan Meights, MA : Allyn & Bacon.

Van Riper, Charles. (1971). The Nature of Stuttering. Englewood Cliffs, N.J. : Prentice-Hall.

Wingate, M. E. (2002). Foundations of Stuttering. San Diego: Academic Press.

The Stuttering Foundation of America. 1991. Web. 28 April 2011. <>