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speaking [2013/12/10 20:00]
bkh5097 [Topics]
speaking [2013/12/10 20:38] (current)
sis5852
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 ====Topics==== ====Topics====
-__**Development of Production**__  ​+=====Development of Production===== 
  
    
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-__**Effective speaking**__ +=====Effective speaking=====
  
  
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 He speaks in this video of factore that allow for good or bad speaking habits. Speed, loudness and accents are main contributors of the clarity of ones speech. He speaks in this video of factore that allow for good or bad speaking habits. Speed, loudness and accents are main contributors of the clarity of ones speech.
  
 +According to research by Dr. Andrew Newberg of Thomas Jefferson University, only few of the words we read register in our brains and few of the words we speak register in the brain of someone listening to us speak. Dr. Newberg delves further into the dichotomy by stating that words themselves are among the least important things to consider when attempting to speak effectively with others. ​
  
 +Effective communication,​ according to Dr. Newberg, is devised by 8 Key Elements:
  
-__**Errors within speech**__ +1) Gentle Eye Contact - use of eye contact that exhibits positive emotions more readily induces trust in our listeners 
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 +2) Warm Tone of Voice - many masterful liars use this to their advantage by using words the listener wants to hear, in a way the listener wants to hear them 
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 +3) Kind Facial Expressions - often it is simpler for us to control our words than what we (unconsciously) express facially. Many serial killers, during court trials and interviews, exhibit what scientists refer to as '​neural/​cognitive dissonance'​ (expressing one attitude but exhibiting an opposing or contrary behavior) through fleeting smiles, both hinting towards their guilt and the enjoyment of their crime committed.  
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 +__** A Classic example of Neural/​Cognitive Dissonance**__ 
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 +{{http://​www.wehonews.com/​z/​wehonews/​files/​ojglove.jpg}} 
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 +4) Expressive Hand and Body Gestures 
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 +5) Relaxed Disposition 
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 +6) Slow Speech Rate 
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 +7) Brevity 
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 +8) The words themselves 
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 +=====Errors within speech===== ​
  
 What are speech errors? What are speech errors?
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   *Demir, Ö. E., Fisher, J. A., Goldin-Meadow,​ S., & Levine, S. C. (2013). Narrative processing in typically developing children and children with early unilateral brain injury: Seeing gesture matters. Developmental Psychology, doi:​http://​dx.doi.org/​10.1037/​a0034322   *Demir, Ö. E., Fisher, J. A., Goldin-Meadow,​ S., & Levine, S. C. (2013). Narrative processing in typically developing children and children with early unilateral brain injury: Seeing gesture matters. Developmental Psychology, doi:​http://​dx.doi.org/​10.1037/​a0034322
  
 +  *Waldman, M. R., & Newberg, A. (2012). The 8 Key Elements of Highly Effective Speech. Psychology Today, http://​www.psychologytoday.com/​blog/​words-can-change-your-brain/​201207/​the-8-key-elements-highly-effective-speech 
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  ​Speech-Language Pathology."​ The Gale Encyclopedia of Psychology. Ed. Bonnie Strickland. 2nd ed. Detroit: Gale, 2001. 616-617. Gale Virtual Reference Library. Web. 22 Nov. 2013.  ​Speech-Language Pathology."​ The Gale Encyclopedia of Psychology. Ed. Bonnie Strickland. 2nd ed. Detroit: Gale, 2001. 616-617. Gale Virtual Reference Library. Web. 22 Nov. 2013.
  
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 Organization:​ The wiki page is well put together, only thing in the intro a little slow to start but I enjoyed reading your page. Great job! Organization:​ The wiki page is well put together, only thing in the intro a little slow to start but I enjoyed reading your page. Great job!
 ---//​[[TNC5024@psu.edu|Tamika Critchlow]] 2013/12/3 10:30// ---//​[[TNC5024@psu.edu|Tamika Critchlow]] 2013/12/3 10:30//
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